Arizona Judicial Branch

Class Resources

Unit 1 – Introduction to the Course and Top Ten Resources

“Courts and only courts can definitely resolve society’s inevitable conflicts.” – NACM’s Core Competency Curriculum Guidelines


Unit 2 – Purpose, Role, Vision

“Rule of law, equal protection, and due process have profound practical implications.  The ends of judicial administration are not autonomy or even judicial independence, but rather liberty, social order, equal access, the equality of individuals and the state, and justice.” – NACM’s Core Competency Curriculum Guidelines

  • And Justice for All: Ensuring Public Trust and Confidence in the Justice System.  Chicago, IL:  American Bar Association, Standing Committee on Judicial Independence, 2001.  (Available in the NCSC Library.)
  • Carothers, Thomas (Ed.) Promoting the Rule of Law Abroad: In Search of Knowledge.  Washington, D.C.: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2006.  (Available in the NCSC Library.)
  • A Court System of the Future: The Promise of Court Restructuring in New York State. The Special Commission on the Future of the New York State Courts.
  • Church, W. Lawrence.  “History and the Constitutional Role of Courts.”  Wisconsin Law Review 1071 (1990).
  • The Courts: Separation of Powers: Final Report of the 1983 Chief Justice Earl Warren Conference on Advocacy in the United States.  Washington, D.C.: Roscoe Pound-American Trial Lawyers Foundation, 1983.  (Available in the NCSC Library.)
  • Focus on the Future.  Minnesota Judicial Council (2007). 
  • Dator, James Allen and Sharon J. Rogers.  Alternative Futures for the State Courts of 2020.  Washington, D. C.: State Justice Institute, 1991.  (Available in the NCSC Library.)
  • Friesen, Jr., Ernest C., Edward C. Gallas and Nesta M. Gallas.  Managing the Courts.  Indianapolis, IN: Bobbs-Merrill Company, 1971.  (Available in the NCSC Library.)
  • Friesen, Ernest. Caseflow Management in Context: The Purposes of Courts.  (video)  Denver, CO: National Center for State Courts.
  • Friesen, Ernest C.  Court Administration.  Denver, CO: Institute of Court Management, University of Denver Law School, 1971. (Available in the NCSC Library.)
  • Gray, James P.  Wearing the Robe: The Art and Responsibilities of Judging in Today’s Courts.  Garden City Park, NY: Square One Publishers, 2009. (Available in the NCSC Library.)
  • Good to Great: 2005-2010 Strategic Agenda.  Arizona Judicial Department. 
  • Hall, Kermit and Kevin T. McGuire. (Eds.) The Judicial Branch.  New York: Oxford University Press, 2005. (Available in the NCSC Library.)
  • Hanson, Roger.  “Changing Role of a Judge and Its Implications.” 38 Court Review 4 (Winter 2002): 10.
  • Hawaii Research Center for Future Studies.  
  • History of the Federal Judiciary.  Federal Judicial Center.  
  • Howard, A. E. Dick (Ed.) The Constitution in the Making: Perspectives of the Original Thirteen States.  Williamsburg, VA: National Center for State Courts, 1993. 
  • Hurst, James Willard.  The Functions of Courts in the United States, 1950 – 1980.  Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin, 1980.  (Available in the NCSC Library.)
  • Justice in Focus: The Strategic Plan for California’s Judicial Branch 2006-2012.  Judicial Council of California.   
  • Karlen, Delmar. Judicial Administration: The American Experience.  Dobbs Ferry, NY: Oceana Publications, Inc., 1970. (Available in the NCSC Library.)
  • Katz, Roberta R. and Philip Gold.  Justice Matters: Rescuing the Legal System for the Twenty-First Century.  Seattle, WA: Discovery Institute, 1997. (Available in the NCSC Library.)
  • Klein, Fannie J.  Federal and State Court Systems: A Guide.  Cambridge, MA: Ballinger Publishing Company, 1977. (Available in the NCSC Library.)
  • Law and the Courts: The Role of Courts (Volume 1).  Chicago, IL: American Bar Association, Division for Public Education, 2000. (Available in the NCSC Library.)
  • Lieberman, Jethro K.  The Role of Courts in American Society: The Final Report of the Council on the Role of Courts.  St. Paul, MN: West Publishing Co., 1984. (Available in the NCSC Library.)
  • Martin, John A.  An Approach to Long Range Strategic Planning for the Courts.  Denver, CO: Center for Public Policy Studies, 1992.  (Available in the NCSC Library.)
  • McAffee, Thomas B.  Inherent Rights, the Written Constitution, and Popular Sovereignty: The Founders’ Understanding.  Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2000. (Available in the NCSC Library.)
  • Miller-Byrnes, Melissa (Hon.) Judicial Independence, Interdependence, and Judicial Accountability: Management of the Courts from the Judges’ Perspectives.  Williamsburg, VA: Institute for Court Management, 2006. 
  • Ostrom, Brian J. et al.  Trial Courts as Organizations.  Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press, 2007.  (Available in the NCSC Library.)
  • Porto, Brian L.  May it Please the Court:  Judicial Processes and Politics in America.  Boca Raton, CRC Press, 2009.  (Available in the NCSC Library.)
  • Pound, Roscoe.  Organization of Courts.  Boston, MA: Little, Brown and Company, 1940.  (Available in the NCSC Library.)
  • Purposes and Responsibilities of Courts: Midyear Conference Notebook.  Portland, OR: National Association for Court Management, 2009. (Available in the NCSC Library.)
  • Quinn, Frederick (Ed).  The Federalist Papers Reader.  Washington, D.C.: Seven Locks Press, 1993.  (Available in the NCSC Library.)
  • Role of the Connecticut Courts.  State of Connecticut Courts. 
  • Rottman, David.  “Trends and Issues in State Courts: Challenges and Achievements.” The Book of the States.  Lexington, KY: The Council of State Governments, 2004. 
  • The Rule of Law: Foundation for Communities of Opportunity and Equity.  Chicago, IL: American Bar Association, 2008.  
  • The Rule(s) of Law: Electronic Discovery and the Challenge of Rulemaking in the State Courts: Report of the 2005 Forum for State Appellate Court Judges.  Washington, D.C.: Pound Civil Justice Institute, 2006.  (Available in the NCSC Library.)
  • Shared Expectations: Judicial Accountability in Context.  Denver, CO: Institute for the Advancement of the American Legal System, 2006. 
  • Spohn, Cassia.  Courts: A Text Reader.  Los Angeles, CA: Sage Publications, 2009.  (Available in the NCSC Library.)
  • Stumpf, Felix F.  Inherent Powers of the Court.  Reno, NV: The National Judicial College, 2008.  (Available in the NCSC Library.)
  • The Constitution and the Federal Judiciary.  U.S. Courts. 
  • The Federalist Papers. 
  • The Role and Structure of Courts.  American Bar Association, Division for Public Education.                                                 
  • The Role of Courts in Government.  FindLaw. 
  • The Rule of Law: Foundation for Communities of Opportunity and Equity.  Chicago, IL: American Bar Association, 2008.   
  • Slotnick, Elliot E. (Ed.) Judicial Politics: Readings from Judicature.  Chicago, IL: American Judicature Society, 1977.  (Available in the NCSC Library.)
  • Wagenknecht-Ivey, Brenda J. et al.  Strategic Planning Mentoring Guidelines: Practical Tips for Court Leaders.  Denver, CO:  Center for Public Policy Studies, 2000. 
  • Weinstein, Noah.  Inherent Power of the Court.  Reno, NV: National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges, 1978.  (Available in the NCSC Library.)
  • What is the Role of Courts in Making Social Policy? Panel Discussion.  Brookings, July 8, 2008.                                  
  • What is the Role of the Courts in a System of Separation of Powers and Checks and Balances?  Civics Library of the Missouri Bar.  
  • Winters, Glenn R. and Edward J. Schoenbaum (Eds.) American Courts and Justice.  Chicago, IL: American Judicature Society, 1976.  (Available in the NCSC Library.)
  • Yankelovich, Skelly and White, Inc.  Survey of Judges on the Role of Courts in American Society.  Washington, D.C.: United States Department of Justice, Office for Improvements in the Administration of Justice, 1979.  


Mission and Vision Statements – Samples:


Unit 3 – Case Preparation

“The first important finding of studies of people’s reaction to judicial procedures is that people are not primarily influenced by the outcome of their experience, i.e. by whether they win or lost their case, whether they go to jail or go free, or whether they pay a large fine or nothing.”  - Tom R. Tyler


Unit 4 – Adjudication and Enforcement

“The establishment of an accurate and timely court record provides the transparency required in order to provide meaningful public access to our public trial courts.” –NACM Making the Verbatim Court Record


Unit 5 – Court Infrastructure

“Owners and other stakeholders in the facilities, along with the planners and designers, need to develop designs that anticipate future growth and changes.  All new courthouses should have a strategy for accommodating future growth built into the design.”  - Don Hardenbergh



Unit 6 – Program Management


For more information and resources on Essential Components, visit the National Center for State Courts Library online catalog at:

NCSC digital resources are located in the Digital Archive available at:

Call 1-800-616-6164 or email for more information.

Knowledge and Information Services
National Center for State Courts
Williamsburg, Virginia
July 2009