Born St. Louis, Missouri, 1938. Education: St. Louis University, B.A. 1962, M.A. 1963; Columbia University, M.A. 1964; Université de Louvain, Belgium, Fulbright Scholar, Ph.D. 1966; University of Notre Dame, J.D. 1971; University of Virginia, LL.M. 1986. Experience: Assistant Professor of Philosophy, University of Notre Dame, 1968-1971; public defender and private practice, Phoenix, 1972-1976; Associate Director, Arizona Criminal Code Commission, 1972-1976; Deputy Maricopa County Attorney, 1976-1979; practiced Phoenix, 2001 to present. Judge, Superior Court, Maricopa County, 1979-1988. Judge, Court of Appeals, 1988-2001.