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Civil Law
Rights of private citizens.

The Civil Law is the body of laws of the State of Arizona dealing with the rights of private citizens. These laws govern many areas, such as landlord/tenant disputes, small claims, dissolution of marriage, and name change. This page describes the process for a general civil case.

Civil cases typically involve legal disagreements between individuals, businesses, corporations or partnerships. A person can also be involved in a civil case with a government entity such as a state, county or city.

Most civil cases involve disputes related to breach of contract, the collection of a debt, monetary compensation for personal injuries, or property damage.

The party that initiates a civil case is the plaintiff and the party that responds to the case is the defendant.